Research Interest:
1. Bilingual language processing and oculi motor /cognitive control.
A series of studies were conducted to look at the effect of L2 proficiency on conflict resolution in Hindi-English bilinguals in the oculomotor domain( Singh, N. & Mishra, R.K., 2012; 2013). For this saccadic Stroop task was used and participants' saccadic latencies were measured for congruent and incongruent condition.

Trial Sequence for Incongruent condition on the saccadic Stroop task. Fixation proportions to the correct target and distractors for high and low proficient bilinguals for colour Stroop (panel A) and direction Stroop (panel B) trials. 

[Reference: Singh, N., & Mishra, R. K. (2012). Does language proficiency modulate oculomotor control? Evidence from Hindi-English bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 15, 771-781]

Another study specifically looked at how L2 proficiency modulates conflict monitoring in Hindi-English bilinguals using saccadic Stroop task under high and low monitoring condition. The results showed that high proficient bilinguals were better than low proficient bilinguals at conflict resolution under high monitoring condition, however, no difference between the two groups were found low low monitoring condition(Singh, N. & Mishra, R.K., 2013).

a)  Trial sequence showing incongruent condition       b) Saccadic latencies for high and low proficient bilinguals on congruent and incongruent conditions under high and low monitoring conditions.

[Reference: Singh, N., & Mishra, R. K. (2013). Second language proficiency modulates conflict-monitoring in an oculomotor Stroop task: evidence from Hindi-English bilinguals. Frontiers in Psychology4:322. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00322.]

2. Multimodal interactions during language processing using visual world paradigm.

3. Anticipation during language comprehension.
This project aims to explore and understand the processes of anticipation during language compression. My PhD student Mr. Anurag, is investigating how experiential and cognitive factors influence the anticipation during sentence comprehension by using psychophysical methods, and eye-tracking. The project is funded by DST-CSRI(2021-2024)

4. Interaction of perceptual grouping and attention on syntactic planning.
This project aims to understand how the utterance and syntactic planning during speech production interacts with visual perceptual and attentional cues. Ms. Swati(PhD student) in the her doctoral thesis is investigating how attentional cues and language structure( free word vs. fixed word order) interacts during syntactic planning.

Doctoral students:
1. Swati Kushwaha

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I joined CBCS as a doctoral student in 2017-18, under the supervision of Dr. Niharika Singh. Currently, I am looking at how attention and proficiency level modulates syntactic choices during speech conceptualization in Hindi and English language speakers. For exploring my research question I am using behavioral and Eye tracking technique as measuring tools. I use Python and R programming for data processing and analysis.

Except above, I am also interested in exploring the idea how working memory enables in making word order selection faster for those who have limited syntactic choice in their language than those who have multiple choices by using pupillometry technique. As an interesting research area, I would like to work on neuronal and computational basis of natural language processing.

 I am passionate to learn and write programming codes. In free to time I use to write my thoughts on various concepts that I like.        

2. Anurag

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I did my Masters in Cognitive Science from the Centre of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences, University of Allahabad, and joined the doctoral program at CBCS in 2018-19. I am working on “Age-related differences in the anticipation during sentence comprehension” in which I am investigating how experiential and cognitive factors influence the anticipation during sentence comprehension by using psychophysical methods, and eye-tracking. My other research interests are bilingualism, aging, and language processing.